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基本學力要求


為優化本地學校的課程與教學,澳門特別行政區政府先後於2014年及2015年頒佈第15/2014號行政法規《本地學制正規教育課程框架》第10/2015號行政法規《本地學制正規教育基本學力要求》。上述有關規定已於2015/2016學年起按幼兒、小學、初中、高中教育分階段推行,並於2019/2020學年全面實施。

根據教育暨青年局介紹,“基本學力要求”指的是學生在完成幼兒、小學、初中及高中各教育階段的學習後,所應具備的基本素養,既包括基本的知識、技能、能力;亦涵蓋情感、態度及價值觀的發展。它一方面指導著學校、教師組織和實施教育教學,設計各學習領域及科目的課程,另一方面也保障了學生獲得基礎性和全面性的培養,提升人才培養的素質。課程框架與基本學力要求互相配合,促成澳門各教育階段學生發展水平和教育質素保證的基礎。  

以下節錄了 “基本學力要求” 中對有關「個人、社會與人文」學習領域的規定及資源,以供天主教學校任教宗教、品德與公民等科目的科任老師參考:

幼兒教育階段小學教育階段 / 初中教育階段高中教育階段



For the reformation and optimisation of local curricula and pedagogical approaches, the Macao S.A.R. Government has introduced the Administrative Regulations of Curriculum Framework for Formal Education of Local Education System” (R.A. n.º 15 / 2014) and The Requirements of Basic Academic Attainments” (R.A. n.º 10 / 2015) in 2014 and 2015 respectively. Concerned requirements from the two Regulations have been implemented in phases at the education stages of infant, primary, junior and senior secondary levels since the academic year of 2015 / 2016, and shall be fully implemented by the academic year of 2019 / 2020.


According to the introduction by the Education and Youth Affairs Bureau, “The Requirements of Basic Academic Attainments” has indispensably impacted the objectives of teaching of various grades, selection and arrangement of teaching content, organisation of teaching activities, as well as employment of teaching materials and assessments at infant education level. ‘What to teach’, ‘how to teach’ and ‘how to assess’ are every teacher’s concern. It is believed that the introduction of “The Requirements of Basic Academic Attainments” can provide some direction which teachers may follow.


Relevant requirements and resources regarding the learning area of "Personal, Social and Humanities Education" have been included below as an easy reference for subject teachers of Religious, Moral and Civic Education from Catholic Schools:

Infant Education LevelPrimary Education Level / Junior Secondary Education LevelSenior Secondary Education Level




幼兒教育階段 / Infant Education Level


資料項目文本檢視表
幼兒教育基本學力要求(第118/2015號社會文化司司長批示)下載PDF下載PDF 下載DOC
主題活動評核表-下載PDF 下載DOC
Reference ItemsText ContentsChecklists

Requirements of Basic Academic Attainments for Infant Education
(Dispatch n.º 118 / 2015 by the Secretary for Social Affairs and Culture)

Download PDFDownload PDF Download DOC
General Guides and Curriculum Structure for Infant Education -Download PDF Download PDF




小學教育階段 / Primary Education Level


資料項目文本檢視表
小學教育基本學力要求(第19/2016號社會文化司司長批示)下載PDF-
品德與公民科目基本學力要求下載PDF下載PDF 下載DOC
常識科目基本學力要求下載PDF下載PDF 下載DOC
Reference ItemsText ContentsChecklists

Requirements of Basic Academic Attainments for Primary Education
(Dispatch n.º 19 / 2016 by the Secretary for Social Affairs and Culture)

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Moral and Civic Education - Requirements of Basic Academic AttainmentsDownload PDFDownload PDF Download DOC
General Knowledge - Requirements of Basic Academic AttainmentsDownload PDFDownload PDF Download DOC




初中教育階段 / Junior Secondary Education Level


資料項目文本檢視表
初中教育基本學力要求(第56/2017號社會文化司司長批示)下載PDF-
品德與公民科目基本學力要求下載PDF下載PDF 下載DOC
社會與人文科目基本學力要求下載PDF下載PDF 下載DOC
Reference ItemsText ContentsChecklists

Requirements of Basic Academic Attainments for Junior Secondary Education
(Dispatch n.º 56 / 2017 by the Secretary for Social Affairs and Culture)

Download PDF-
Moral and Civic Education - Requirements of Basic Academic AttainmentsDownload PDFDownload PDF Download DOC
Social and Humanities - Requirements of Basic Academic AttainmentsDownload PDFDownload PDF Download DOC




高中教育階段 / Senior Secondary Education Level


資料項目文本檢視表
高中教育基本學力要求(第55/2017號社會文化司司長批示)下載PDF-
品德與公民科目基本學力要求下載PDF下載PDF 下載DOC
社會與人文科目基本學力要求下載PDF下載PDF 下載DOC
Reference ItemsText ContentsChecklists

Requirements of Basic Academic Attainments for Senior Secondary Education
(Dispatch n.º 55 / 2017 by the Secretary for Social Affairs and Culture)

Download PDF-
Moral and Civic Education - Requirements of Basic Academic AttainmentsDownload PDFDownload PDF Download DOC
Social and Humanities - Requirements of Basic Academic AttainmentsDownload PDFDownload PDF Download DOC




資料來源:澳門特別行政區政府教育暨青年局「課程發展資訊網」

Source of Information: "Curriculum Development Website" of the Government of the Macao S.A.R. Education and Youth Affairs Bureau.



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